The International Air Transport Association (IATA) has announced global passenger traffic data for August 2018 showing that demand (measured in total revenue passenger kilometers or RPKs) climbed 6.4 percent compared to the year-ago period. This was slightly above the 6.1 percent annual increase for July. August capacity (available seat kilometers or ASKs) increased by 5.5 percent, and load factor climbed 0.7 percent percentage point to 85.3 percent, which was the highest for any month since at least 1990.
"The industry experienced continued strong traffic growth in August, putting the cap on a very good peak travel season. The all-time record load factor reflects that airlines are maximizing the efficiency of their assets at a time of rising fuel prices and other costs that are limiting the opportunities for low fare stimulation," said Alexandre de Juniac, IATA’s director general and CEO, in a written statement.
International Passenger Markets
August international passenger demand rose 5.6 percent compared to August 2017, in line with 5.5 percent year-over-year growth achieved in July. All regions recorded increases, led by airlines in the Asia-Pacific region. Capacity climbed 5.1 percent, and load factor edged up 0.4 percentage point to 85.0 percent.
Asia-Pacific airlines’ August traffic increased 7.5 percent compared to the year-ago period, which was an acceleration compared to a 7.2 percent rise in July. Capacity rose 6.1 percent and load factor rose 1.1 percentage points to 82.6 percent. The upward trend in passenger traffic remains very strong, supported by structural changes, including ongoing rises in living standards in the region, as well as more route options for passengers that translate into time savings and ultimately stimulate demand.
European carriers saw August demand climb 5.1 percent year-to-year, which was also an increase from the 4.5 percent growth recorded in July. However, in seasonally-adjusted terms, growth has tracked sideways since late spring. Capacity rose 4.5 percent, and load factor climbed 0.5 percentage point to 88.9 percent, which was the highest among regions. European demand is being affected by mixed signs on the economy as well as possible disruptions from air traffic control strikes.
Middle Eastern carriers posted a 5.4 percent traffic increase in August, which was a slowdown from 6.2 percent in July. Passenger volumes have trended upwards at an 8 percent annualized rate since the start of the year. Capacity increased 6.3 percent, with load factor slipping 0.7 percentage point to 80.7 percent.
North American airlines’ international demand rose 3.7 percent compared to August a year ago. While this was a slowdown from 4.1 percent growth recorded in July, this largely reflected developments a year ago rather than any change in the current healthy trend. Capacity rose 3.3 percent, and load factor grew by 0.4 percentage point to 87.2 percent.
Latin American airlines experienced a 4.8 percent demand increase in August compared to the same month last year, up from 3.5 percent annual growth in July. Capacity increased by 6.5 percent and load factor slid 1.3 percentage points to 81.4 percent. Year-to-year comparisons are distorted by the hurricane-related disruptions of a year ago, and traffic has largely tracked sideways since April in seasonally adjusted terms.
African airlines’ traffic climbed 6.8 percent in August. While this was a slowdown from the 7.4 percent growth recorded in July the bigger picture is that demand remains strong, despite an increasingly challenging environment in the continent’s largest economies. South Africa slipped back into recession in the second quarter and business confidence in Nigeria has moderated in recent months. Capacity rose 3.8 percent, and load factor surged 2.2 percentage points to 78.2 percent.
Domestic Passenger Markets
Demand for domestic travel climbed 7.7 percent in August compared to August 2017, up from the 7.2 percent growth recorded in July. Capacity rose 6.2 percent and load factor increased 1.2 percentage points to 85.7 percent. All markets reported demand increases albeit with wide variation.
Indian airlines achieved their 48th consecutive month of double-digit traffic growth as demand rose 22.6 percent. Traffic continues to be stimulated by sizeable increases in the number of domestic routes served.
China airlines’ domestic traffic climbed 14.9 percent in August, which was a four-month high. In both China and India, huge demand increases are being supported by rising living standards and large increases in the number of flight choices.